AFRICAN AMERICAN ICONS
Post Civil Rights Era: 1980s
Alice Walker’s “The Color Purple” published in 1982 won a Pulitzer Prize in 1983.
Virginia DeBolt, CC BY-SA 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
Manley West discovered compound in cannabis to cure glaucoma
Cannabis Tours, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
Harold Washington was elected Mayor of Chicago in 1983.
City of Boston Archives from West Roxbury, United States, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
In 1980, Jackson won three American Music Awards for his solo work: Favorite Soul/R&B Album, Favorite Soul/R&B Male Artist, and Favorite Soul/R&B Single for "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". He also won a Grammy Award for Best Male R&B Vocal
Performance for 1979 with "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough".
Chloe Anthony Wofford Morrison, known as Toni Morrison, was an American novelist, essayist, book editor, and college professor. Her first novel, The Bluest Eye, was published in 1970. The critically acclaimed Song of Solomon brought her national attention and won the National Book Critics Circle Award and her book, “Beloved” won a Pulitzer Prize in 1988.
From Enoch Pratt Library January 29, 1998 © copyright John Mathew Smith 2001
Patricia Bath was an Ophthalmologist who invented a tool for removing cataracts.
Public Domain: National Library of Medicine - https://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_26.html
Carl Lewis was a dominant track and field Olympian. In 1981, Lewis was named the top U.S. amateur athlete after becoming just the second person in NCAA history to win the 100 meters and long jump at the college championships. The first person to achieve that accomplishment had been Lewis' idol, Jesse Owens.