AFRICAN AMERICAN ICONS
The Great Depression: 1930s
Dr. Percy Lavon Julian
Dr. Percy Julian developed a drug for treating glaucoma, an eye disease.
Photo by Rodolfo Clix from Pexels
Dr. Charles Drew
Dr. Charles Drew found a way to store blood plasma to benefit the injured during war or peace. His discovery gave birth to the Red Cross Blood Bank.
Associated Photographic Services, Inc - National Library of Medicine: http://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/ps/retrieve/ResourceMetadata/BGBBCT: Year supplied: ca. 1949 Original Repository: Howard University. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center. Charles R. Drew Papers
Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary mcleod Bethune became head of the National Youth Administration’s Division of African American Affairs, the first black American to head a government agency, 1936.
Carl Van Vechten, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Marian Anderson, a Contralto and Opera star. On April 9, 1939 the Daughters of the American Revolution denied this a Contralto and Opera star the right to perform in the Constitution Hall because of her color. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt resigned from the organization and helped Marion perform at the Lincoln Memorial.
Toni Frissell, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Marcus Garvey advocated that people of African descent, worldwide, return to Africa and establish independent states. He popularized the phrase “Black is Beautiful”.
from George Grantham Bain Collection, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons