Industrial Revolution: 1865-1920
As slaves, Africans brought their inventive and creative talents to America. Many inventions by Africans have been stolen, underpaid for or ignored by whites. Blacks created over 1,000 inventions during this period.
C.J. Walker Hair Care Products, 1905
Image provided by Herbert Clark
Elijah McCoy, Automatic Lubrication System for railroad and heavy machinery, 1872.
Rights Held by: Ypsilanti Historical Society, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
Lewis Latimer, his light bulb carbon filament made street lights possible all over the world.
Richard Spikes, Automatic Gear Shift
Daniela Kloth, GFDL 1.2 <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/fdl-1.2.html>, via Wikimedia Commons
Jan Matzeliger, Shoe Lasting Machine. The bottom and upper parts of the shoe were sewn by the machine allowing for mass production of shoes.
[[File:Jan ernst matzeliger.gif|Jan_ernst_matzeliger]]
Garrett Morgan, traffic light & gas masks, 1914.
wikipedia.org public domain
Granville T. Woods
Grandville T. Woods, an electrical engineer, invented the third-rail. It was a way to move trains, subway cars and trolleys with electrical power.
William J. Simmons, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
George Washington Carver
George Washington Carver (1864 – January 5, 1943) was an American agricultural scientist and inventor who promoted alternative crops to cotton, methods to prevent soil depletion such as crop rotation and over 300 uses for peanuts which were not considered a crop until his work. Carver was the most prominent black scientist of the early 20th century.
not listed; restored by Adam Cuerden, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams successfully performed the first open-heart surgery.
Unknown author, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Small Pox Inoculation (He brought this method from Africa where advanced medical practices were in use long before Europeans had any medical knowledge), 1721
Photo by RF._.studio from Pexels
He invented a sugar refinery that put the white in sugar, 1846
Photo by mali maeder from Pexels
He invented the Toggle Harpoon which revolutionized the whale industry
LGagnon, CC BY-SA 3.0 <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/>, via Wikimedia Commons