AFRICAN AMERICAN ICONS
Civil Rights Movement: 1960s
Motown records was formed by Berry Gordy in Detroit. Marvin Gaye, The Temptations, The Supremes and many others were among the most popular artists then and now, 1960’S.
Kingkongphoto & www.celebrity-photos.com from Laurel Maryland, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
Muhammad Ali won a Gold Medal for boxing at the 1960 Olympic four years later. He became heavyweight champion of the world. He joined the Nation of Islam following the victory and took the Ismaic name. When he refused to be drafted into the army, he lost his championship belt. He regained it in 1971.
Ira Rosenberg, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
James Farmer, Civil Rights Leader and principal founder of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). In 1961 CORE organized the Freedom Rides to desegregate bus travel. Farmer, with 12 other activists, both black & white-faced violence and jail time as they rode from Washington D.C. to New Orleans.
Marion S. Trikosko, U.S. News & World Report Magazine, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Black Panther Party
Bobby Seale and Huey Nueton founded Black Panther Party after the assassination of Malcolm X, 1965. It’s members confronted politicians, challenged the police, and protected black citizens from brutality. The party’s community service programs called for survival programs, food, clothing, transportation rather then integrating into society.
O'Halloran, Thomas J., photographer.; Leffler, Warren K., photographer. For US News and World Report., Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
"Coming out of Syracuse University, I played fullback for the Cleveland Browns of the NFL from 1957-1965. In all but one of my nine years in pro football, I led the NFL in yards rushing. My career total of 12,312 yards still stands as the all-time record.(as of the time of this quote) I was one of the greatest football players of all time". – Jim Brown
LBJ Foundation, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons